Brain injuries can have a number of causes, and in some cases may result in long-term effects that greatly diminish one’s quality of life. In fact, there are a number of medical conditions associated with significant brain injuries that impact both the victims of such injuries as well as their families in Ohio.
The Mayo Clinic lists the numerous complications that can result after head trauma. Damage to nerves is just one possible side effect, which may inhibit facial sensation as well as cause vision complications, including total vision loss. Seizures can also occur after brain trauma, and these can be limited to a short period of time or persist indefinitely. Victims of brain injuries can also experience behavioral and emotional symptoms, including impaired self-control, or the development of depressive/anxiety disorders.
Links have also been made between brain trauma and certain diseases. A certain type of dementia (known as dementia pugilistica) can occur after repeated blows to the head. This condition affects essential mental processes (such as memory and reasoning), and can also inhibit movement. There are associations between brain injuries and degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s, which can negatively influence a range of brain functions.
In the event a brain injury occurs, certain steps must be taken to mitigate any possible complications. MedlinePlus urges emergency medical assistance if any signs of significant trauma are present. These can include abnormal behavior, repeated vomiting, unequal pupil dilation or loss of consciousness. While waiting for emergency personnel, the victim should not be moved unless necessary to preserve safety. Additionally, open head wounds should not be cleaned until medical staff arrives to ensure safe practices are utilized.